When is speech violence?
Context(2017) 81% of US undergraduates agree that “Words can be a form of violence.” 🌐 c8.nrostatic.com (PDF)
- Freedom of speech
Hate speech on social media does incite people to commit actual violence in real life.
Since a democratic state holds a monopoly on violence, the idea that speech is violence would be directly at odds with the freedom of expression.
It isn't, but this notion will be used to justify actual violence.
It depends on how we define "violence".
Speech can cause stress; chronic stress has negative physical effects; therefore speech can be physically violent.