Does receiving a basic income create a disincentive to work?
- Basic income
UBI appears to create a small decrease in working hours, with the new spare time being spent on family and education.
Not as much as welfare benefits with requirements already do.
It depends on the definition of "work": there are many forms of labour that go unpaid, such as housework or caring for a relative. More time for these things would be good for everybody.
Humans generally enjoy and find meaning in doing useful work. It would be better for our general happiness if we could afford to do a healthy amount of work, rather than taking on as many extra hours as possible just to make ends meet.
Nobody would want to do the unpleasant or less satisfying jobs that are unfortunately necessary in our society.
If people are disincentivised to do "bullshit" jobs (as a fair amount of white-collar office work seems to be), or jobs that could be automated away, that would be a good thing.
To many, having a job will always be a status symbol and a form of social inclusion.
On the contrary, the guarantee of a basic income would incentivise entrepreneurship and enable more people to start new businesses.